Tren&dBihar Me Jile Kitne Hai? Know the Total Districts in Bihar

Bihar Me Jile Kitne Hai? Know the Total Districts in Bihar

Bihar is a state in eastern India having a rich cultural heritage and a significant historical background. It is the third-most populous state in the country and covers an area of 94,163 square kilometers. One of the most basic administrative divisions in a state is a district. Districts in Bihar play a crucial role in the governance and administration of the state.

How many districts are there in Bihar?

As of the latest update, Bihar comprises a total of 38 districts. These districts are further subdivided into blocks for better administration and governance. Each district is headed by a District Magistrate, who is responsible for the overall coordination of various government departments within the district.

Historical background of districts in Bihar:

The history of the district system in Bihar can be traced back to the British colonial era. Before independence, Bihar had a different set of administrative divisions. After independence, the state was reorganized, leading to the formation of different districts based on various factors like population, area, and administrative convenience.

Importance of districts in Bihar:

Districts act as the basic administrative units where various government schemes and programs are implemented. They play a crucial role in ensuring effective governance and service delivery to the last mile. Districts are responsible for law and order, revenue collection, implementation of welfare schemes, maintenance of infrastructure, and overall development of the region.

List of districts in Bihar:
Below is the list of the 38 districts in Bihar as of the latest available data:

  1. Araria
  2. Arwal
  3. Aurangabad
  4. Banka
  5. Begusarai
  6. Bhagalpur
  7. Bhojpur
  8. Buxar
  9. Darbhanga
  10. East Champaran
  11. Gaya
  12. Gopalganj
  13. Jamui
  14. Jehanabad
  15. Kaimur
  16. Katihar
  17. Khagaria
  18. Kishanganj
  19. Lakhisarai
  20. Madhepura
  21. Madhubani
  22. Munger
  23. Muzaffarpur
  24. Nalanda
  25. Nawada
  26. Patna
  27. Purnia
  28. Rohtas
  29. Saharsa
  30. Samastipur
  31. Saran
  32. Sheikhpura
  33. Sheohar
  34. Sitamarhi
  35. Siwan
  36. Supaul
  37. Vaishali
  38. West Champaran

Challenges faced by districts in Bihar:

Despite the presence of a well-defined district system in Bihar, there are certain challenges that hinder effective governance and development. Some of the prominent challenges include:

  1. Infrastructure Deficit: Many districts in Bihar lack basic infrastructure like roads, electricity, healthcare facilities, and schools. This hampers overall development and quality of life for the residents.

  2. Administrative Bottlenecks: Bureaucratic hurdles and red tape often delay the implementation of crucial projects and schemes, impacting the delivery of services at the grassroots level.

  3. Socio-economic Disparities: Disparities in income levels, access to education, and healthcare facilities exist between districts, leading to uneven development across the state.

  4. Natural Calamities: Bihar is prone to floods, droughts, and other natural disasters, which pose a significant challenge to the administration in terms of disaster management and relief operations.

Initiatives for district development:

The government of Bihar has undertaken various initiatives to address the challenges faced by districts and promote overall development. Some of the key initiatives include:

  1. Bihar Vikas Mission: This mission aims to achieve inclusive growth and development by implementing various projects in sectors like agriculture, education, health, and infrastructure.

  2. Jal-Jeevan-Hariyali Mission: To enhance water conservation and sustainability through the construction of check dams, ponds, and water harvesting structures at the district level.

  3. Bihar Skill Development Mission: To provide skill training to the youth in different districts, enabling them to secure better employment opportunities and contribute to the state’s economy.

  4. District-specific Development Plans: Tailored development plans are being formulated for each district considering their unique challenges and opportunities to ensure balanced and holistic growth.


Districts in Bihar form the backbone of the state’s administrative machinery and play a pivotal role in ensuring effective governance and development. Despite facing various challenges, initiatives are being taken to promote inclusive growth and bridge the development gaps across districts. With proper planning, resource allocation, and community participation, Bihar can overcome its challenges and emerge as a frontrunner in terms of overall development and prosperity.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions):

  1. How many districts were there in Bihar before the reorganization?
    Before the reorganization, Bihar had 37 districts. The current number stands at 38 districts.

  2. Which is the largest district in Bihar in terms of area?
    West Champaran is the largest district in Bihar in terms of area, covering around 5,229 square kilometers.

  3. Which district has the highest population in Bihar?
    Patna is the most populous district in Bihar, with a population exceeding 5 million as per the latest census data.

  4. How are district boundaries determined in Bihar?
    District boundaries in Bihar are determined based on geographical, historical, administrative, and demographic factors to ensure effective governance and service delivery.

  5. What is the role of the District Magistrate in Bihar?
    The District Magistrate in Bihar is responsible for the overall administration, law and order, revenue collection, and implementation of government schemes within the district.

  6. How are districts in Bihar named?
    Districts in Bihar are usually named after prominent towns, geographical features, historical figures, or cultural significance associated with the region.

  7. Is there a possibility of more districts being created in Bihar in the future?
    The creation of new districts in Bihar is a strategic decision based on factors like population growth, administrative efficiency, and the need for better governance. Future reorganizations are possible if deemed necessary.

  8. Do all districts in Bihar have equal access to government services and facilities?
    There are disparities in access to government services and facilities across districts in Bihar, with some districts facing infrastructure deficits and socio-economic challenges that need to be addressed.

  9. How can residents contribute to the development of their districts in Bihar?
    Residents can contribute to the development of their districts by actively participating in local governance, implementing community-led initiatives, promoting sustainable practices, and holding authorities accountable for ensuring proper service delivery.

  10. Are there any special schemes or programs for the empowerment of women in Bihar’s districts?
    Yes, the government of Bihar has implemented various schemes and programs aimed at women’s empowerment, including financial assistance, skill development, healthcare initiatives, and gender equality programs targeted at the district level.

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